Science Enabled Through Specimens Collected or Identified by Personnel

Pirie, M. D., Kandziora, M., Nürk, N. M., Le Maitre, N. C., Mugrabi de Kuppler, A., Gehrke, B., … Bellstedt, D. U. (2019). Leaps and bounds: geographical and ecological distance constrained the colonisation of the Afrotemperate by Erica. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12862-019-1545-6 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1545-6

Background: The coincidence of long distance dispersal (LDD) and biome shift is assumed to be the result of a multifaceted interplay between geographical distance and ecological suitability of source and sink areas. Here, we test the influence of these factors on the dispersal history of the floweri…

Zizka, A., Azevedo, J., Leme, E., Neves, B., Costa, A. F., Caceres, D., & Zizka, G. (2019). Biogeography and conservation status of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae). Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13004 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13004

Aim: To provide distribution information and preliminary conservation assessments for all species of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae), one of the most diverse and ecologically important plant groups of the American tropics—a global biodiversity hotspot. Furthermore, we aim to analyse patterns of …

Cámara-Leret, R., Raes, N., Roehrdanz, P., De Fretes, Y., Heatubun, C. D., Roeble, L., … Hannah, L. (2019). Climate change threatens New Guinea’s biocultural heritage. Science Advances, 5(11), eaaz1455. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaz1455 https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aaz1455

New Guinea is the most biologically and linguistically diverse tropical island on Earth, yet the potential impacts of climate change on its biocultural heritage remain unknown. Analyzing 2353 endemic plant species distributions, we find that 63% of species are expected to have smaller geographic ran…

Khoury, C. K., Carver, D., Barchenger, D. W., Barboza, G. E., Zonneveld, M., Jarret, R., … Greene, S. L. (2019). Modelled distributions and conservation status of the wild relatives of chile peppers ( Capsicum L.). Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13008 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13008

Aim: To fill critical knowledge gaps with regard to the distributions and conservation status of the wild relatives of chile peppers (Capsicum L.). Location: The study covered the potential native ranges of currently recognized wild Capsicum taxa, throughout the Americas. Methods: We modelled the po…

Verwijs, J. I. M., Bouman, R. W., & van Welzen, P. C. (2019). A taxonomic revision of Phyllanthus subgenus Macraea (Phyllanthaceae). Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants. doi:10.3767/blumea.2019.64.03.05 https://doi.org/10.3767/blumea.2019.64.03.05

Within the morphologically diverse pantropical genus Phyllanthus, many subgenera, sections and subsections are recognized. While most taxonomic revisions often focus on local floras, closely related and often resembling species are not always treated in full. Subgenus Macraea is here revised for the…

Stull, G., Tiffney, B. H., Manchester, S. R., Rio, C. D., & Wing, S. L. (2019). Endocarps of Pyrenacantha (Icacinaceae) from the early Oligocene of Egypt. International Journal of Plant Sciences. doi:10.1086/706854 https://doi.org/10.1086/706854

The fossil record of Pyrenacantha (Phytocreneae tribe, Icacinaceae) includes well-documented species from the Paleogene of North and South America but, to date, no fossils have been described from its present geographic range, the Old World tropics. We document endocarp remains from the early Oligoc…

Ruiz-Sanchez, E., Munguía-Lino, G., Vargas-Amado, G., & Rodríguez, A. (2019). Diversity, endemism and conservation status of native Mexican woody bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/botlinnean/boz062 https://doi.org/10.1093/botlinnean/boz062

Native Mexican woody bamboos (Poaceae: Bambusoideae: Bambuseae) are classified in subtribes Arthrostylidiinae, Chusqueinae and Guaduinae. They grow from sea level up to 3200 m along the main mountain ranges and occupy different vegetation types. The aims of this study were to: identify the areas wit…

Hawthorne, W. D., & Marshall, C. A. M. (2019). Rapid Botanic Survey, Bioquality and improving botanical inventory in the tropics by integrating across spatial scales. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 71(suppl.2), 315–333. doi:10.26492/gbs71(suppl.2).2019-21 https://doi.org/10.26492/gbs71(suppl.2).2019-21

We review the Rapid Botanic Survey method (RBS), in the context of botanical recording to date. The concept of bioquality, a biodiversity value respecting global rarity, is summarised. Bioquality assessment involves the Star system for categorising species by global rarity; and a Genetic Heat Index …

Mezghani, N., Khoury, C. K., Carver, D., Achicanoy, H. A., Simon, P., Flores, F. M., & Spooner, D. (2019). Distributions and Conservation Status of Carrot Wild Relatives in Tunisia: A Case Study in the Western Mediterranean Basin. Crop Science, 0(0), 0. doi:10.2135/cropsci2019.05.0333 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2019.05.0333

Crop wild relatives, the wild progenitors and closely related cousins of cultivated plant species, are sources of valuable genetic resources for crop improvement. Persisting gaps in knowledge of taxonomy, distributions, and characterization for traits of interest constrain their expanded use in plan…

Armani, M., Charles-Dominique, T., E. Barton, K., & W. Tomlinson, K. (2019). Developmental constraints and resource environment shape early emergence and investment in spines in saplings. Annals of Botany. doi:10.1093/aob/mcz152 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcz152

Background and Aims: Herbivory by large mammals imposes a critical recruitment bottleneck on plants in many systems. Spines defend plants against large herbivores and how early they emerge in saplings may be one of the strongest predictors of sapling survival in herbivore-rich environments. Yet litt…

Marconi, L., & Armengot, L. (2020). Complex agroforestry systems against biotic homogenization: The case of plants in the herbaceous stratum of cocoa production systems. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 287, 106664. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2019.106664 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2019.106664

In addition to their potential against deforestation and climate change, agroforestry systems may have a relevant role in biodiversity conservation. In this sense, not only species richness per se, but also community composition, including the distribution range of the species, should be considered.…

Acuña Castillo, R., Luebert, F., Henning, T., & Weigend, M. (2019). Major lineages of Loasaceae subfam. Loasoideae diversified during the Andean uplift. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 106616. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106616 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106616

The Loasoideae is the largest clade in the Loasaceae. This subfamily is widespread throughout the Neotropics and centered in the Andes, presenting an excellent opportunity to study diversification across much of temperate and mid to high-elevation areas of South America. Despite that, no studies hav…

Nevado, B., Wong, E. L. Y., Osborne, O. G., & Filatov, D. A. (2019). Adaptive Evolution Is Common in Rapid Evolutionary Radiations. Current Biology. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2019.07.059 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2019.07.059

One of the most long-standing and important mysteries in evolutionary biology is why biological diversity is so unevenly distributed across space and taxonomic lineages. Nowhere is this disparity more evident than in the multitude of rapid evolutionary radiations found on oceanic islands and mountai…

Pouteau, R., Trueba, S., & Isnard, S. (2019). Retracing the contours of the early angiosperm environmental niche. Annals of Botany. doi:10.1093/aob/mcz131 https://doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcz131

Background and Aims We aim to understand the environmental conditions of early angiosperms emergence and radiation. Such a question has long remained controversial because various applied approaches in the past have drawn conflicting images of early angiosperm ecology. …

Han, T., Zheng, Q., Onstein, R. E., Rojas‐Andrés, B. M., Hauenschild, F., Muellner‐Riehl, A. N., & Xing, Y. (2019). Polyploidy promotes species diversification of Allium through ecological shifts. New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.16098 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.16098

Despite the role of polyploidy in multiple evolutionary processes, its impact on plant diversification remains controversial. An increased polyploid frequency may facilitate speciation through shifts in ecology, morphology, or both. Here we used Allium to evaluate (1) the relationship between intras…

Fletcher, T. L., Warden, L., Sinninghe Damsté, J. S., Brown, K. J., Rybczynski, N., Gosse, J. C., & Ballantyne, A. P. (2019). Evidence for fire in the Pliocene Arctic in response to amplified temperature. Climate of the Past, 15(3), 1063–1081. doi:10.5194/cp-15-1063-2019 https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-15-1063-2019

The mid-Pliocene is a valuable time interval for investigating equilibrium climate at current atmospheric CO2 concentrations because atmospheric CO2 concentrations are thought to have been comparable to the current day and yet the climate and distribution of ecosystems were quite different. One intr…

De Albuquerque, F. S., Macías-Rodríguez, M. Á., Búrquez, A., & Astudillo-Scalia, Y. (2019). Climate change and the potential expansion of buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L., Poaceae) in biotic communities of Southwest United States and northern Mexico. Biological Invasions. doi:10.1007/s10530-019-02050-5 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-019-02050-5

In the last decades, more than six hundred exotic species have become established throughout the region of the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, including the African buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.). Buffelgrass often causes negative impacts on natural ecosystems and it is consi…

Grattarola, F., Botto, G., da Rosa, I., Gobel, N., González, E., González, J., … Pincheira-Donoso, D. (2019). Biodiversidata: An Open-Access Biodiversity Database for Uruguay. Biodiversity Data Journal, 7. doi:10.3897/bdj.7.e36226 https://doi.org/10.3897/bdj.7.e36226

The continental and marine territories of Uruguay are characterised by a rich convergence of multiple biogeographic ecoregions of the Neotropics, making this country a peculiar biodiversity spot. However, despite the biological significance of Uruguay for the South American subcontinent, the distrib…

Ornelas, J. F., Ortiz-Rodriguez, A. E., Ruiz-Sanchez, E., Sosa, V., & Pérez-Farrera, M. Á. (2019). Ups and downs: Genetic differentiation among populations of the Podocarpus (Podocarpaceae) species in Mesoamerica. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 138, 17–30. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.025 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.05.025

The biogeographical history of Mesoamerican cloud forests is complex, encompassing a diverse and heterogeneous mixture of species with temperate and tropical origins. The dynamic geological landscape and climate change from the Miocene to the Pleistocene affected the distributions and composition of…

Schubert, M., Marcussen, T., Meseguer, A. S., & Fjellheim, S. (2019). The grass subfamily Pooideae: Cretaceous–Palaeocene origin and climate‐driven Cenozoic diversification. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12923 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12923

Aim: Frost is among the most dramatic stresses a plant can experience, and complex physiological adaptations are needed to endure long periods of sub‐zero temperatures. Owing to the need to evolve these complex adaptations, transitioning from tropical to temperate climates is regarded as difficult. …

Monroe, J. G., Gill, B., Turner, K. G., & McKay, J. K. (2019). Drought regimens predict life history strategies in Heliophila. New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.15919 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15919

Explaining variation in life history strategies is an enduring goal of evolutionary biology and ecology. Early theory predicted that for plants, annual and perennial life histories reflect adaptation to environments that experience alternative drought regimens. Nevertheless, empirical support for th…

Folk, R. A., Stubbs, R. L., Mort, M. E., Cellinese, N., Allen, J. M., Soltis, P. S., … Guralnick, R. P. (2019). Rates of niche and phenotype evolution lag behind diversification in a temperate radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(22), 10874–10882. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817999116 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1817999116

Environmental change can create opportunities for increased rates of lineage diversification, but continued species accumulation has been hypothesized to lead to slowdowns via competitive exclusion and niche partitioning. Such density-dependent models imply tight linkages between diversification and…

Gomes, S. I. F., van Bodegom, P. M., Merckx, V. S. F. T., & Soudzilovskaia, N. A. (2019). Global distribution patterns of mycoheterotrophy. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12920 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12920

Aim: Mycoheterotrophy is a mode of life where plants cheat the mycorrhizal symbiosis, receiving carbon via their fungal partners. Despite being widespread, mycoheterotrophic plants are locally rare, hampering the understanding of their global environmental drivers. Here, we explore global environmen…

Ramos, R. S., Kumar, L., Shabani, F., & Picanço, M. C. (2019). Risk of spread of tomato yellow leaf curl virus (TYLCV) in tomato crops under various climate change scenarios. Agricultural Systems, 173, 524–535. doi:10.1016/j.agsy.2019.03.020 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2019.03.020

Species distribution models (SDMs) are valuable for the information they provide to reduce the potential negative effects of climatic factors on agricultural production systems. Such information may be used to prevent the entry and spread of invasive species in new areas, as well as to monitor regio…

Gamisch, A., & Comes, H. P. (2019). Clade-age-dependent diversification under high species turnover shapes species richness disparities among tropical rainforest lineages of Bulbophyllum (Orchidaceae). BMC Evolutionary Biology, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12862-019-1416-1 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12862-019-1416-1

Background: Tropical rainforests (TRFs) harbour almost half of the world’s vascular plant species diversity while covering only about 6–7% of land. However, why species richness varies amongst the Earth’s major TRF regions remains poorly understood. Here we investigate the evolutionary processes sha…

He, X., Burgess, K. S., Yang, X.-F., Ahrends, A., Gao, L.-M., & Li, D.-Z. (2019). Upward elevation and northwest range shifts for alpine Meconopsis species in the Himalaya-Hengduan Mountains region. Ecology and Evolution. doi:10.1002/ece3.5034 https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5034

Climate change may impact the distribution of species by shifting their ranges to higher elevations or higher latitudes. The impacts on alpine plant species may be particularly profound due to a potential lack of availability of future suitable habitat. To identify how alpine species have responded …

Rotllan-Puig, X., & Traveset, A. (2019). Determining the Minimal Background Area for Species Distribution Models: MinBAR Package. doi:10.1101/571182 https://doi.org/10.1101/571182

One of the crucial choices when modelling species distributions using pseudo-absences approaches is the delineation of the background area to fit the model. We hypothesise that there is a minimum background area around the centre of the species distribution that characterizes well enough the range o…

De Medeiros, B. A. S., Núñez-Avellaneda, L. A., Hernandez, A. M., & Farrell, B. D. (2019). Flower visitors of the licuri palm (Syagrus coronata): brood pollinators coexist with a diverse community of antagonists and mutualists. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. doi:10.1093/biolinnean/blz008 https://doi.org/10.1093/biolinnean/blz008

Communities of plants and their insect brood pollinators have provided important insights into the evolution of mutualism. The discovery of new systems has the potential to extend our knowledge of the origins and consequences of these interactions. Many palms are known to be pollinated by beetles th…

Wan, J.-Z., Zhang, Z.-X., & Wang, C.-J. (2019). Effects of ecoregional vulnerability on habitat suitability of invasive alien plants: an assessment using 13 species on a global scale. Environmental Earth Sciences, 78(5). doi:10.1007/s12665-019-8186-3 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-019-8186-3

The development of new hypotheses can promote the explanation of mechanisms on plant invasion across different scales. We tested the hypothesis that ecoregional vulnerability can affect habitat suitability of invasive alien plants (IAPs) in non-native ranges. We used 13 IAPs, distributed around the …

Margaroni, S., Petersen, K. B., Gleadow, R., & Burd, M. (2019). The role of spore size in the global pattern of co-occurrence among Selaginella species. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.13532 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13532

Aim: Separation of regeneration niches may promote coexistence among closely related plant species, but there is little evidence that regeneration traits affect species ranges at broad geographical scales. We address patterns of co‐occurrence within the genus Selaginella, an ancient lineage of free‐…

Karger, D. N., Kessler, M., Conrad, O., Weigelt, P., Kreft, H., König, C., & Zimmermann, N. E. (2019). Why tree lines are lower on islands-Climatic and biogeographic effects hold the answer. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12897 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12897

Aim: To determine the global position of tree line isotherms, compare it with observed local tree limits on islands and mainlands, and disentangle the potential drivers of a difference between tree line and local tree limit. Location: Global. Time period: 1979–2013. Major taxa studied: Trees. Method…

Figueira, R., & Lages, F. (2019). Museum and Herbarium Collections for Biodiversity Research in Angola. Biodiversity of Angola, 513–542. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4_19 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4_19

The importance of museum and herbarium collections is especially great in biodiverse countries such as Angola, an importance as great as the challenges facing the effective and sustained management of such facilities. The interface that Angola represents between tropical humid climates and semi-dese…

Goncalves, A. L., García, M. V., Heuertz, M., & González-Martínez, S. C. (2019). Demographic history and spatial genetic structure in a remnant population of the subtropical tree Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil (Griseb.) Altschul (Fabaceae). Annals of Forest Science, 76(1). doi:10.1007/s13595-019-0797-z https://doi.org/10.1007/s13595-019-0797-z

Key message: A remnant population of Anadenanthera colubrina var. cebil in Northern Argentina showed a mixed mating system, high genetic diversity, and moderate spatial genetic structure, which was stronger in saplings than in adults. Demographic history analyses revealed an ancient population expan…

Chevalier, M. (2019). Enabling possibilities to quantify past climate from fossil assemblages at a global scale. Global and Planetary Change, 175, 27–35. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.01.016 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloplacha.2019.01.016

The field of quantitative palaeoclimatology has made significant progress in the past decades. However, this progress has been spatially heterogeneous and strong discrepancies – both in terms of quality and density – exist between Europe and North America and the rest of the world. The need to balan…

Milheiras, S. G., & Mace, G. M. (2019). Assessing ecosystem service provision in a tropical region with high forest cover: Spatial overlap and the impact of land use change in Amapá, Brazil. Ecological Indicators, 99, 12–18. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.12.013 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.12.013

Ecosystem service (ES) assessments have flourished globally in recent years and are now frequently used by policymakers and environmental managers. However, data scarce regions continue to be less well studied, limiting the comprehensiveness of the approach and its potential benefits. Here we aim to…

Gagnon, E., Ringelberg, J. J., Bruneau, A., Lewis, G. P., & Hughes, C. E. (2018). Global Succulent Biome phylogenetic conservatism across the pantropical Caesalpinia Group (Leguminosae). New Phytologist. doi:10.1111/nph.15633 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.15633

The extent to which phylogenetic biome conservatism versus biome shifting determine global patterns of biodiversity remains poorly understood. To address this question, we investigate the biogeography and trajectories of biome and growth form evolution across the Caesalpinia Group (Leguminosae), a c…

Sheppard, C. S., & Schurr, F. M. (2018). Biotic resistance or introduction bias? Immigrant plant performance decreases with residence times over millennia. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12844 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12844

Aim: Invasions are dynamic processes. Invasive spread causes the geographical range size of alien species to increase with residence time. However, with time native competitors and antagonists can adapt to invaders. This build‐up of biotic resistance may eventually limit the invader’s performance an…

Peterson, A. T., Asase, A., Canhos, D., de Souza, S., & Wieczorek, J. (2018). Data Leakage and Loss in Biodiversity Informatics. Biodiversity Data Journal, 6. doi:10.3897/bdj.6.e26826 https://doi.org/10.3897/bdj.6.e26826

The field of biodiversity informatics is in a massive, “grow-out” phase of creating and enabling large-scale biodiversity data resources. Because perhaps 90% of existing biodiversity data nonetheless remains unavailable for science and policy applications, the question arises as to how these existin…

Holloway, P. (2018). Simulating Movement-Related Resource Dynamics to Improve Species Distribution Models: A Case Study with Oilbirds in Northern South America. The Professional Geographer, 70(4), 528–540. doi:10.1080/00330124.2018.1479972 https://doi.org/10.1080/00330124.2018.1479972

A better understanding of the current and future distributions of organisms is a critical facet of biodiversity conservation, and species distribution models (SDMs) are an important framework for achieving this. Despite the potential of SDMs to address an array of biogeography questions, they are su…

Crespo-Mendes, N., Laurent, A., & Hauschild, M. Z. (2018). Effect factors of terrestrial acidification in Brazil for use in Life Cycle Impact Assessment. The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. doi:10.1007/s11367-018-1560-7 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11367-018-1560-7

Purpose:In Life Cycle Impact Assessment, atmospheric fate factors, soil exposure factors, and effect factors are combined to characterize potential impacts of acidifying substances in terrestrial environments. Due to the low availability of global data sets, effect factors (EFs) have been reported a…

Wan, J.-Z., Zhang, Z.-X., & Wang, C.-J. (2018). Identifying potential distributions of 10 invasive alien trees: implications for conservation management of protected areas. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 190(12). doi:10.1007/s10661-018-7104-6 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-018-7104-6

Tree invasion has the potential to negatively affect biodiversity and ecosystems, with invasive alien trees (IATs) expanding widely in protected areas (PAs) across different habitats. Thus, the effectiveness of PAs might be reduced. Investigation of the distributions of IAT is urgently required to i…

Crespo-Mendes, N., Laurent, A., Bruun, H. H., & Hauschild, M. Z. (2019). Relationships between plant species richness and soil pH at the level of biome and ecoregion in Brazil. Ecological Indicators, 98, 266–275. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.11.004

Soil pH has been used to indicate how changes in soil acidity can influence species loss. The correlation between soil pH and plant species richness has mainly been studied in North America and Europe, while there is a lack of studies exploring Tropical floras. Here, our aim was therefore to investi…

Wan, J.-Z., Wang, C.-J., & Yu, F.-H. (2019). Large-scale environmental niche variation between clonal and non-clonal plant species: Roles of clonal growth organs and ecoregions. Science of The Total Environment, 652, 1071–1076. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280

Clonal plant species can produce genetically identical and potentially independent offspring, and dominate a variety of habitats. The divergent evolutionary mechanisms between clonal and non-clonal plants are interesting areas of ecological research. A number of studies have shown that the environme…

Milla, R., Bastida, J. M., Turcotte, M. M., Jones, G., Violle, C., Osborne, C. P., … Byun, C. (2018). Phylogenetic patterns and phenotypic profiles of the species of plants and mammals farmed for food. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(11), 1808–1817. doi:10.1038/s41559-018-0690-4 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0690-4

The origins of agriculture were key events in human history, during which people came to depend for their food on small numbers of animal and plant species. However, the biological traits determining which species were domesticated for food provision, and which were not, are unclear. Here, we invest…

Ashraf, U., Chaudhry, M. N., Ahmad, S. R., Ashraf, I., Arslan, M., Noor, H., & Jabbar, M. (2018). Impacts of climate change on Capparis spinosa L. based on ecological niche modeling. PeerJ, 6, e5792. doi:10.7717/peerj.5792 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5792

Recent changes in climate are transforming the situation of life on Earth, including impacting the conservation status of many plant and animal species. This study aims to evaluate potential impacts of climate change on a medicinal plant that is known to be heat-tolerant, Capparis spinosa L. We used…

Li, Q., Liu, Y. (Christopher), Jin, J., & Quan, C. (2018). Late Oligocene Fissistigma (Annonaceae) leaves from Guangxi, low-latitude China and its paleoecological implications. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 259, 39–47. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.09.005 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.09.005

Fissistigma nanningense sp. nov. (Annonaceae) is described based on well-preserved mummified leaves from the Oligocene Yongning Formation of Nanning, Guangxi, southern China. They are characterized by retuse apex, a swollen petiole, eucamptodromous to simple brochidodromous secondary veins, percurre…

Obiakara, M. C., & Fourcade, Y. (2018). Climatic niche and potential distribution of Tithonia diversifolia (Hemsl.) A. Gray in Africa. PLOS ONE, 13(9), e0202421. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0202421 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0202421

Mexican sunflower, Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae), is an invasive tropical plant species native to Central America. It has spread in more than 70 countries across Asia, Africa and Australia. In Africa, this species is known to disturb native crops and plant communities, but its negative impacts …

Inman, R., Franklin, J., Esque, T., & Nussear, K. (2018). Spatial sampling bias in the Neotoma paleoecological archives affects species paleo-distribution models. Quaternary Science Reviews, 198, 115–125. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.08.015 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.08.015

The ability to infer paleo-distributions with limited knowledge of absence makes species distribution modeling (SDM) a useful tool for exploring paleobiogeographic questions. Spatial sampling bias is a known issue when modeling extant species. Here we quantify the spatial sampling bias in a North Am…

Guevara, L., & Sánchez-Cordero, V. (2018). New records of a critically endangered shrew from Mexican cloud forests (Soricidae, Cryptotis nelsoni) and prospects for future field research. Biodiversity Data Journal, 6. doi:10.3897/bdj.6.e26667 https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.6.e26667

The Nelson´s small-eared shrew, Cryptotisnelsoni (Merriam, 1895), is a critically endangered species, endemic to cloud forests in Los Tuxtlas, a mountain range along the Gulf of Mexico coast. This species is only known from the type locality and its surroundings. Here we present new records that ext…

Woutersen, A., Jardine, P. E., Bogotá-Angel, R. G., Zhang, H.-X., Silvestro, D., Antonelli, A., … Hoorn, C. (2018). A novel approach to study the morphology and chemistry of pollen in a phylogenetic context, applied to the halophytic taxon Nitraria L.(Nitrariaceae). PeerJ, 6, e5055. doi:10.7717/peerj.5055 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.5055

Nitraria is a halophytic taxon (i.e., adapted to saline environments) that belongs to the plant family Nitrariaceae and is distributed from the Mediterranean, across Asia into the south-eastern tip of Australia. This taxon is thought to have originated in Asia during the Paleogene (66–23 Ma), alongs…

Park, D. S., & Razafindratsima, O. H. (2018). Anthropogenic threats can have cascading homogenizing effects on the phylogenetic and functional diversity of tropical ecosystems. Ecography, 42(1), 148–161. doi:10.1111/ecog.03825 https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.03825

Determining the mechanisms that underlie species distributions and assemblages is necessary to effectively preserve biodiversity. This cannot be accomplished by examining a single taxonomic group, as communities comprise a plethora of interactions across species and trophic levels. Here, we examine …

Quezada, I. M., Gianoli, E., & Saldaña, A. (2018). Crassulacean acid metabolism and distribution range in Chilean Bromeliaceae: Influences of climate and phylogeny. Journal of Biogeography, 45(7), 1541–1549. doi:10.1111/jbi.13237 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13237

Aim: Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) is a widespread physiological adaptation to drought. CAM is common in plants distributed in arid regions, such as Bromeliaceae species. In Chile, latitude is an accurate predictor of climate, with increasing temperature and decreasing moisture towards north. N…

Joffard, N., Massol, F., Grenié, M., Montgelard, C., & Schatz, B. (2018). Effect of pollination strategy, phylogeny and distribution on pollination niches of Euro‐Mediterranean orchids. Journal of Ecology, 107(1), 478–490. doi:10.1111/1365-2745.13013 https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2745.13013

1.Pollination niches are important components of ecological niches and have played a major role in the diversification of Angiosperms. In this study, we focused on Euro‐Mediterranean orchids, which use diverse pollination strategies and interact with various functional groups of insects. In these or…

Xie, S.-P., Zhang, S.-H., Chen, T.-Y., Zhang, X.-C., Zeng, X., & Yu, Y. (2018). Late Miocene occurrence of monogeneric family Oleandraceae from southwest China and its implications on evolution of eupolypods I. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 256, 13–19. doi:10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.05.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.revpalbo.2018.05.002

Yunnan in SW China is a world renowned hotspot for diverse species of vascular plants such as ferns. However, fossil records of the Cenozoic ferns there are insufficient to clarify their phylogeny and historical biogeography from a geological perspective. Among these derived ferns, the monogeneric f…

Antonelli, A., Zizka, A., Carvalho, F. A., Scharn, R., Bacon, C. D., Silvestro, D., & Condamine, F. L. (2018). Amazonia is the primary source of Neotropical biodiversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(23), 6034–6039. doi:10.1073/pnas.1713819115 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1713819115

The American tropics (the Neotropics) are the most species-rich realm on Earth, and for centuries, scientists have attempted to understand the origins and evolution of their biodiversity. It is now clear that different regions and taxonomic groups have responded differently to geological and climati…

VÁZQUEZ-GARCÍA, J.-A., NEILL, D. A., SHALISKO, V., ARROYO, F., & MERINO-SANTI, R. E. (2018). Magnolia mercedesiarum (subsect. Talauma, Magnoliaceae): a new Andean species from northern Ecuador, with insights into its potential distribution. Phytotaxa, 348(4), 254. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.348.4.2 https://doi.org/10.11646/phytotaxa.348.4.2

Magnolia mercedesiarum, a new species from the eastern slopes of the Andes in northern Ecuador, is described and illustrated, and a key to Ecuadorian Magnolia (subsect. Talauma) is provided. This species differs from M. vargasiana in having broadly elliptic leaves that have an obtuse base vs. suborb…

Puglielli, G., & Varone, L. (2018). Inherent variation of functional traits in winter and summer leaves of Mediterranean seasonal dimorphic species: evidence of a “within leaf cohort” spectrum. AoB PLANTS, 10(3). doi:10.1093/aobpla/ply027 https://doi.org/10.1093/aobpla/ply027

The covariation pattern among leaf functional traits involved in resource acquisition has been successfully provided by the leaf economic spectrum (LES). Nevertheless, some aspects such as how the leaf trait variation sources affect LES predictions are still little investigated. Accordingly, the aim…

Schley, R. J., de la Estrella, M., Pérez-Escobar, O. A., Bruneau, A., Barraclough, T., Forest, F., & Klitgård, B. (2018). Is Amazonia a “museum” for Neotropical trees? The evolution of the Brownea clade (Detarioideae, Leguminosae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 126, 279–292. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.029 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.029

The flora of the Neotropics is unmatched in its diversity, however the mechanisms by which diversity has accumulated are debated and largely unclear. The Brownea clade (Leguminosae) is a characteristic component of the Neotropical flora, and the species within it are diverse in their floral morpholo…

Wan, J.-Z., & Wang, C.-J. (2018). Expansion risk of invasive plants in regions of high plant diversity: A global assessment using 36 species. Ecological Informatics, 46, 8–18. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2018.04.004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2018.04.004

Invasive plant species (IPS) have a high potential for expanding within biodiversity hotspots and threatening global plant diversity. Hence, it is urgent to assess the expansion risk of IPS in regions of high plant diversity and their potentially negative effects throughout the world. We used the wo…

Petersen, K. B., & Burd, M. (2018). The adaptive value of heterospory: Evidence from Selaginella . Evolution, 72(5), 1080–1091. doi:10.1111/evo.13484 https://doi.org/10.1111/evo.13484

Heterospory was a pivotal evolutionary innovation for land plants, but it has never been clear why it evolved. We used the geographic distributions of 114 species of the heterosporous lycophyte Selaginella to explore the functional ecology of microspore and megaspore size, traits that would be corre…

Reichgelt, T., West, C. K., & Greenwood, D. R. (2018). The relation between global palm distribution and climate. Scientific Reports, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23147-2 https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23147-2

Fossil palms provide qualitative evidence of (sub-) tropical conditions and frost-free winters in the geological past, including modern cold climate regions (e.g., boreal, or polar climates). The freeze intolerance of palms varies across different organs and life stages, with seedlings in particular…

Vetaas, O. R., Grytnes, J.-A., Bhatta, K. P., & Hawkins, B. A. (2018). An intercontinental comparison of niche conservatism along a temperature gradient. Journal of Biogeography, 45(5), 1104–1113. doi:10.1111/jbi.13185 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13185

Aims: Phylogenetic niche conservatism (PNC) predicts that closely related species will have similar distributions along major environmental gradients, e.g. temperature. We test this theory by comparing the central tendencies of temperature for selected woody genera, and investigating whether these g…

Manchego, C. E., Hildebrandt, P., Cueva, J., Espinosa, C. I., Stimm, B., & Günter, S. (2017). Climate change versus deforestation: Implications for tree species distribution in the dry forests of southern Ecuador. PLOS ONE, 12(12), e0190092. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0190092 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0190092

Seasonally dry forests in the neotropics are heavily threatened by a combination of human disturbances and climate change; however, the severity of these threats is seldom contrasted. This study aims to quantify and compare the effects of deforestation and climate change on the natural spatial range…

Jurd, D., & Pole, M. (2017). Miocene “fin-winged” fruits and Pliocene drift fruits – the first record of Combretaceae (Terminalia) from New Zealand. Geobios, 50(5-6), 423–429. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2017.10.002 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geobios.2017.10.002

Two types of fossil Terminalia (Combretaceae) fruits are described from warmer periods in New Zealand’s past. One is represented by large ‘fin-winged’ fruit (samara) from the Early Miocene Manuherikia Group sediments of Bannockburn and the Nevis Valley. The form and size of the fruits are entirely u…

Caudullo, G., Welk, E., & San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. (2017). Chorological maps for the main European woody species. Data in Brief, 12, 662–666. doi:10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.007 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2017.05.007

A novel chorological data compilation for the main European tree and shrub species is presented. This dataset was produced by combining numerous and heterogeneous data collected from 20th century atlas monographs providing complete species distribution maps, and from more recent national to regional…

Uludag, A., Aksoy, N., Yazlık, A., Arslan, Z. F., Yazmış, E., Uremis, I., … Brundu, G. (2017). Alien flora of Turkey: checklist, taxonomic composition and ecological attributes. NeoBiota, 35, 61–85. doi:10.3897/neobiota.35.12460 https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.35.12460

The paper provides an updated checklist of the alien flora of Turkey with information on its structure. The alien flora of Turkey comprises 340 taxa, among which there are 321 angiosperms, 17 gymnosperms and two ferns. Of the total number of taxa, 228 (68%) are naturalized and 112 (32%) are casual. …

Grossenbacher, D. L., Brandvain, Y., Auld, J. R., Burd, M., Cheptou, P.-O., Conner, J. K., … Goldberg, E. E. (2017). Self-compatibility is over-represented on islands. New Phytologist, 215(1), 469–478. doi:10.1111/nph.14534 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14534

Because establishing a new population often depends critically on finding mates, individuals capable of uniparental reproduction may have a colonization advantage. Accordingly, there should be an over-representation of colonizing species in which individuals can reproduce without a mate, particularl…

Antonelli, A., Hettling, H., Condamine, F. L., Vos, K., Nilsson, R. H., Sanderson, M. J., … Vos, R. A. (2016). Toward a Self-Updating Platform for Estimating Rates of Speciation and Migration, Ages, and Relationships of Taxa. Systematic Biology, syw066. doi:10.1093/sysbio/syw066 https://doi.org/10.1093/sysbio/syw066

Rapidly growing biological data –including molecular sequences and fossils– hold an unprecedented potential to reveal how evolutionary processes generate and maintain biodiversity. However, researchers often have to develop their own idiosyncratic workflows to integrate and analyse these data for re…

Keppel, G., Gillespie, T. W., Ormerod, P., & Fricker, G. A. (2016). Habitat diversity predicts orchid diversity in the tropical south-west Pacific. Journal of Biogeography, 43(12), 2332–2342. doi:10.1111/jbi.12805 https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12805

Aim To determine if habitat diversity, as estimated by climatic and topographic variables, can predict patterns of orchid diversity on different islands and archipelagos with similar explanatory power to biogeographical variables, such as area, isolation and age of an island. Location Sixty-three is…