Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Stropp, J., Umbelino, B., Correia, R. A., Campos-Silva, J. V., Ladle, R. J., & Malhado, A. C. M. (2020). The ghosts of forests past and future: deforestation and botanical sampling in the Brazilian Amazon. Ecography. doi:10.1111/ecog.05026 https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.05026

The remarkable biodiversity of the Brazilian Amazon is poorly documented and threatened by deforestation. When undocumented areas become deforested, in addition to losing the fauna and flora, we lose the opportunity to know which unique species had occupied a habitat. Here we quantify such knowledge…

Li, M., He, J., Zhao, Z., Lyu, R., Yao, M., Cheng, J., & Xie, L. (2020). Predictive modelling of the distribution of Clematis sect. Fruticella s. str. under climate change reveals a range expansion during the Last Glacial Maximum. PeerJ, 8, e8729. doi:10.7717/peerj.8729 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.8729

Background The knowledge of distributional dynamics of living organisms is a prerequisite for protecting biodiversity and for the sustainable use of biotic resources. Clematis sect. Fruticella s. str. is a small group of shrubby, yellow-flowered species distributed mainly in arid and semi-arid areas…

Ringelberg, J. J., Zimmermann, N. E., Weeks, A., Lavin, M., & Hughes, C. E. (2020). Biomes as evolutionary arenas: Convergence and conservatism in the trans‐continental succulent biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.13089 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13089

Aim: Historically, biomes have been defined based on their structurally and functionally similar vegetation, but there is debate about whether these similarities are superficial, and about how biomes are defined and mapped. We propose that combined assessment of evolutionary convergence of plant fun…

De Siracusa, P. C., Gadelha, L. M. R., & Ziviani, A. (2020). New perspectives on analysing data from biological collections based on social network analytics. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-60134-y https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60134-y

Biological collections have been historically regarded as fundamental sources of scientific information on biodiversity. They are commonly associated with a variety of biases, which must be characterized and mitigated before data can be consumed. In this work, we are motivated by taxonomic and colle…

Pisarenko, O. Y., Bakalin, V. A., & Ignatova, E. A. (2020). Hookeria acutifolia (Hookeriaceae, Bryophyta), a new species for the moss flora of Russia. Botanica Pacifica. doi:10.17581/bp.2020.09104 https://doi.org/10.17581/bp.2020.09104

Hookeria acutifolia Hook. & Grev. was found on Kunashir Island (South Kuril Islands, East Asia). This is the northernmost locality of the species in Asia and the first record for Russia. A description and illustrations of the species based on the Russian specimen are provided. Details on its ecology…

Thang, T. H., Thu, A. M., & Chen, J. (2020). Tree species of tropical and temperate lineages in a tropical Asian montane forest show different range dynamics in response to climate change. Global Ecology and Conservation, 22, e00973. doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e00973 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2020.e00973

Shifts in species distributions have been documented in response to recent climatic change, with most species moving poleward and to higher altitude. However, different taxa may respond to climatic change differently. The Climatic Variability Hypothesis (CVH) suggests that taxa originating from envi…

Asase, A., Sainge, M. N., Radji, R. A., Ugbogu, O. A., & Peterson, A. T. (2020). A new model for efficient, need‐driven progress in generating primary biodiversity information resources. Applications in Plant Sciences, 8(1). doi:10.1002/aps3.11318 https://doi.org/10.1002/aps3.11318

Premise: The field of biodiversity informatics has developed rapidly in recent years, with broad availability of large‐scale information resources. However, online biodiversity information is biased spatially as a result of slow and uneven capture and digitization of existing data resources. The Wes…

Léveillé-Bourret, É., Chen, B.-H., Garon-Labrecque, M.-È., Ford, B. A., & Starr, J. R. (2019). RAD sequencing resolves the phylogeny, taxonomy and biogeography of Trichophoreae despite a rapid recent radiation (Cyperaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 106727. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106727 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2019.106727

Trichophoreae is a nearly cosmopolitan Cyperaceae tribe that contains ∼17 species displaying striking variation in size, inflorescence complexity, and perianth morphology. Although morphologically distinct, the status of its three genera (Cypringlea, Oreobolopsis and Trichophorum) are controversial …

Cámara-Leret, R., Raes, N., Roehrdanz, P., De Fretes, Y., Heatubun, C. D., Roeble, L., … Hannah, L. (2019). Climate change threatens New Guinea’s biocultural heritage. Science Advances, 5(11), eaaz1455. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaz1455 https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aaz1455

New Guinea is the most biologically and linguistically diverse tropical island on Earth, yet the potential impacts of climate change on its biocultural heritage remain unknown. Analyzing 2353 endemic plant species distributions, we find that 63% of species are expected to have smaller geographic ran…

Zizka, A., Azevedo, J., Leme, E., Neves, B., Costa, A. F., Caceres, D., & Zizka, G. (2019). Biogeography and conservation status of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae). Diversity and Distributions. doi:10.1111/ddi.13004 https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.13004

Aim: To provide distribution information and preliminary conservation assessments for all species of the pineapple family (Bromeliaceae), one of the most diverse and ecologically important plant groups of the American tropics—a global biodiversity hotspot. Furthermore, we aim to analyse patterns of …