Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Hochmair, H. H., Scheffrahn, R. H., Basille, M., & Boone, M. (2020). Evaluating the data quality of iNaturalist termite records. PLOS ONE, 15(5), e0226534. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0226534 https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226534

Citizen science (CS) contributes to the knowledge about species distributions, which is a critical foundation in the studies of invasive species, biological conservation, and response to climatic change. In this study, we assessed the value of CS for termites worldwide. First, we compared the abunda…

Mutlu, Ç., Çiftçi, V., Yeken, M. Z., & Mamay, M. (2020). The influence of different intensities of chalky spot damage on seed germination, grain yield and economic returns of red lentil. Phytoparasitica. doi:10.1007/s12600-020-00785-9 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-020-00785-9

Chalky spot damage caused by Dolycoris baccarum (L.) and Piezodorus lituratus (F.) causes significant losses to productivity and marketing lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) in southeastern Anatolia region, Turkey. The chalky spot-damaged grains attract lower price in the market, which decreases product…

Schafstall, N., Kuosmanen, N., Fettig, C. J., Knižek, M., & Clear, J. L. (2020). Late Glacial and Holocene records of tree-killing conifer bark beetles in Europe and North America: Implications for forest disturbance dynamics. The Holocene, 095968362090221. doi:10.1177/0959683620902214 https://doi.org/10.1177/0959683620902214

Outbreaks of conifer bark beetles in Europe and North America have increased in scale and severity in recent decades. In this study, we identify existing fossil records containing bark beetle remains from the end of the Last Glacial Maximum (~14,000 cal. yr BP) to present day using the online databa…

Ezray, B. D., Wham, D. C., Hill, C. E., & Hines, H. M. (2019). Unsupervised machine learning reveals mimicry complexes in bumblebees occur along a perceptual continuum. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 286(1910), 20191501. doi:10.1098/rspb.2019.1501 https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2019.1501

Müllerian mimicry theory states that frequency-dependent selection should favour geographical convergence of harmful species onto a shared colour pattern. As such, mimetic patterns are commonly circumscribed into discrete mimicry complexes, each containing a predominant phenotype. Outside a few exam…