Science Enabled by Specimen Data

Schubert, M., Marcussen, T., Meseguer, A. S., & Fjellheim, S. (2019). The grass subfamily Pooideae: Cretaceous–Palaeocene origin and climate‐driven Cenozoic diversification. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12923 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12923

Aim: Frost is among the most dramatic stresses a plant can experience, and complex physiological adaptations are needed to endure long periods of sub‐zero temperatures. Owing to the need to evolve these complex adaptations, transitioning from tropical to temperate climates is regarded as difficult. …

Folk, R. A., Stubbs, R. L., Mort, M. E., Cellinese, N., Allen, J. M., Soltis, P. S., … Guralnick, R. P. (2019). Rates of niche and phenotype evolution lag behind diversification in a temperate radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 116(22), 10874–10882. doi:10.1073/pnas.1817999116 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1817999116

Environmental change can create opportunities for increased rates of lineage diversification, but continued species accumulation has been hypothesized to lead to slowdowns via competitive exclusion and niche partitioning. Such density-dependent models imply tight linkages between diversification and…

Rotllan-Puig, X., & Traveset, A. (2019). Determining the Minimal Background Area for Species Distribution Models: MinBAR Package. doi:10.1101/571182 https://doi.org/10.1101/571182

One of the crucial choices when modelling species distributions using pseudo-absences approaches is the delineation of the background area to fit the model. We hypothesise that there is a minimum background area around the centre of the species distribution that characterizes well enough the range o…

Schubert, M., Groenvold, L., Sandve, S. R., Hvidsten, T. R., & Fjellheim, S. (2019). Evolution of cold acclimation and its role in niche transition in the temperate grass subfamily Pooideae. Plant Physiology, pp.01448.2018. doi:10.1104/pp.18.01448 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.18.01448

The grass subfamily Pooideae dominates the grass floras in cold temperate regions, and has evolved complex physiological adaptations to cope with extreme environmental conditions like frost, winter and seasonality. One such adaptation is cold acclimation, wherein plants increase their frost toleranc…

Karger, D. N., Kessler, M., Conrad, O., Weigelt, P., Kreft, H., König, C., & Zimmermann, N. E. (2019). Why tree lines are lower on islands-Climatic and biogeographic effects hold the answer. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12897 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12897

Aim: To determine the global position of tree line isotherms, compare it with observed local tree limits on islands and mainlands, and disentangle the potential drivers of a difference between tree line and local tree limit. Location: Global. Time period: 1979–2013. Major taxa studied: Trees. Method…

749 specimens

Sullivan, J., Smith, M. L., Espíndola, A., Ruffley, M., Rankin, A., Tank, D., & Carstens, B. (2019). Integrating life history traits into predictive phylogeography. Molecular Ecology. doi:10.1111/mec.15029 https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.15029

Predictive phylogeography seeks to aggregate genetic, environmental and taxonomic data from multiple species in order to make predictions about unsampled taxa using machine‐learning techniques such as Random Forests. To date, organismal trait data have infrequently been incorporated into predictive …

Phillips, J., Whitehouse, K., & Maxted, N. (2019). An in situ approach to the conservation of temperate cereal crop wild relatives in the Mediterranean Basin and Asian centre of diversity. Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization, 1–11. doi:10.1017/s1479262118000588 https://doi.org/10.1017/S1479262118000588

Cereal crops are one of the most widely consumed and most valuable crops for humankind. The species have been domesticated for over 10,000 years and as such have lost much of the genetic diversity that is present within their wild relatives. Future breeding efforts will require the use of genetic di…

Ramírez-Preciado, R. P., Gasca-Pineda, J., & Arteaga, M. C. (2019). Effects of global warming on the potential distribution ranges of six Quercus species (Fagaceae). Flora, 251, 32–38. doi:10.1016/j.flora.2018.12.006 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flora.2018.12.006

The impacts of global warming on the spatial extent and location of suitable habitat can be examined through spatially explicit projections of climatic niches. We modeled the climatic niche of six oaks (Q. agrifolia, Q. cedrosensis, Q. chrysolepis, Q. devia, Q. palmeri and Q. peninsularis), some rar…

Sheppard, C. S., & Schurr, F. M. (2018). Biotic resistance or introduction bias? Immigrant plant performance decreases with residence times over millennia. Global Ecology and Biogeography. doi:10.1111/geb.12844 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12844

Aim: Invasions are dynamic processes. Invasive spread causes the geographical range size of alien species to increase with residence time. However, with time native competitors and antagonists can adapt to invaders. This build‐up of biotic resistance may eventually limit the invader’s performance an…

Wan, J.-Z., Wang, C.-J., & Yu, F.-H. (2019). Large-scale environmental niche variation between clonal and non-clonal plant species: Roles of clonal growth organs and ecoregions. Science of The Total Environment, 652, 1071–1076. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.280

Clonal plant species can produce genetically identical and potentially independent offspring, and dominate a variety of habitats. The divergent evolutionary mechanisms between clonal and non-clonal plants are interesting areas of ecological research. A number of studies have shown that the environme…

Garroutte, M., Huettmann, F., Webb, C. O., & Ickert-Bond, S. M. (2018). Biogeographic and anthropogenic correlates of Aleutian Islands plant diversity: A machine-learning approach. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 56(5), 476–497. doi:10.1111/jse.12456 https://doi.org/10.1111/jse.12456

This is the first comprehensive analysis of vascular plant diversity patterns in the Aleutian Islands to identify and quantify the impact of Aleutian Island distance dispersal barriers, geographical, ecological and anthropogenic factors. Data from public Open Access databases, printed floristic acco…

Inman, R., Franklin, J., Esque, T., & Nussear, K. (2018). Spatial sampling bias in the Neotoma paleoecological archives affects species paleo-distribution models. Quaternary Science Reviews, 198, 115–125. doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.08.015 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.08.015

The ability to infer paleo-distributions with limited knowledge of absence makes species distribution modeling (SDM) a useful tool for exploring paleobiogeographic questions. Spatial sampling bias is a known issue when modeling extant species. Here we quantify the spatial sampling bias in a North Am…

Wan, J.-Z., & Wang, C.-J. (2018). Expansion risk of invasive plants in regions of high plant diversity: A global assessment using 36 species. Ecological Informatics, 46, 8–18. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2018.04.004 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoinf.2018.04.004

Invasive plant species (IPS) have a high potential for expanding within biodiversity hotspots and threatening global plant diversity. Hence, it is urgent to assess the expansion risk of IPS in regions of high plant diversity and their potentially negative effects throughout the world. We used the wo…

Garmier, M., Gentzbittel, L., Wen, J., Mysore, K. S., & Ratet, P. (2017). Medicago truncatula : Genetic and Genomic Resources. Current Protocols in Plant Biology, 2(4), 318–349. doi:10.1002/cppb.20058 https://doi.org/10.1002/cppb.20058

Medicago truncatula was chosen by the legume community, along with Lotus japonicus, as a model plant to study legume biology. Since then, numerous resources and tools have been developed for M. truncatula. These include, for example, its genome sequence, core ecotype collections, transformation/rege…

Uludag, A., Aksoy, N., Yazlık, A., Arslan, Z. F., Yazmış, E., Uremis, I., … Brundu, G. (2017). Alien flora of Turkey: checklist, taxonomic composition and ecological attributes. NeoBiota, 35, 61–85. doi:10.3897/neobiota.35.12460 https://doi.org/10.3897/neobiota.35.12460

The paper provides an updated checklist of the alien flora of Turkey with information on its structure. The alien flora of Turkey comprises 340 taxa, among which there are 321 angiosperms, 17 gymnosperms and two ferns. Of the total number of taxa, 228 (68%) are naturalized and 112 (32%) are casual. …

Grossenbacher, D. L., Brandvain, Y., Auld, J. R., Burd, M., Cheptou, P.-O., Conner, J. K., … Goldberg, E. E. (2017). Self-compatibility is over-represented on islands. New Phytologist, 215(1), 469–478. doi:10.1111/nph.14534 https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14534

Because establishing a new population often depends critically on finding mates, individuals capable of uniparental reproduction may have a colonization advantage. Accordingly, there should be an over-representation of colonizing species in which individuals can reproduce without a mate, particularl…

Franklin, J., Serra-Diaz, J. M., Syphard, A. D., & Regan, H. M. (2016). Big data for forecasting the impacts of global change on plant communities. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 26(1), 6–17. doi:10.1111/geb.12501 https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.12501

Aim Plant distributions and vegetation dynamics underpin key global phenomena, including biogeochemical cycling, ecosystem productivity and terrestrial biodiversity patterns. Aggregated and remotely collected ‘big data’ are required to forecast the effects of global change on plant communities. We s…